Znojmo is a city in the South Moravian Region of the Czech Republic, near the border with Austria. The city was founded in 1226 by King Ottokar I on a site of a town and fortress complex that had been destroyed in 1145. Znojmo is located on a rock outcropping on the steep left bank of the Dyje river, and retains a number of examples of its medieval architecture.


The Gothic Church of St. Nicholas and the town hall’s Gothic tower are the most recognizable landmarks. The Church of St. Nicholas was built in 1348 by the Holy Roman Emperor Charles IV, and the town hall, with its 75 meter tower, dates from around 1446. An ancient castle overlooks the city from a nearby hilltop.

Route Distance Links  
Slavonice to Safov and Znojmo 78 km map/GPX cue sheet
Znojmo to Mikulov and Valtice 80 km map/GPX cue sheet

St. Catherine’s Rotunda is one of the few surviving Romanesque structures in this part of the Czech Republic. Built in the 11th century, it was a part of the earlier fortified complex of the Přemyslid dynasty, built by the Czech prince Břetislav I (1034-1055) on the site of an earlier Slavonic settlement.

Znojmo UndergroundBeneath the streets of Znojmo is a labyrinth of underground tunnels (Znojemské podzemí), in some areas, up to four levels deep, and extending throughout the medieval part of the city. There are nearly 30 km of passages. Constructed from the 13th to the 17th centuries, they were used for storage of everything from wine and preserved food to munitions. An entrance to the tunnels, which are open for tours during the warmer months, is located near Horni namesti Square.


Photo credits

  1. Znojmo. © Tom Simba, 2006.
  2. Znojmo Underground. Creative Commons, from the Wikimedia Commons, 2006.
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